Reg. No. : V28743 (Act 36 of 1947)
Supports the Regeneration of Hooves
Hoofmaker provides all the nutrients necessary to protect and nourish every layer within the hoof horn.
Hoofmaker Concentrated Pellets contains all the supplemental nutrients required to develop and maintain a healthy and supple hoof in a convenient daily 50g serving. It contains high levels of Biotin (37.5mg per 50g serving) and bioavailable sulphur, which are essential for the durability and integrity of Keratin Sulphate that provides the structural matrix to the hoof. It also contains high levels of Zinc, which is a component of many metalloenzymes involved in protein metabolism, and is important for healing of all epidermal tissue. It is a rich source of amino acids, which are the building blocks for protein, as well as Calcium, essential for cohesion of the hoof wall. Its pelleted presentation is ideal for picky eaters, and is convenient for feeding in big yards with just a single scoop daily serving.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR PROPER USE:
Adult horses: Feed 50g (1 x level scoop) per day.
Ponies and foals: Feed 25g (1/2 scoop) per day.
For best results it is recommended to feed Hoofmaker for 180 days. New improved hoof growth will be evident near the coronary band after just one month. 3kg pellets = approx 60 days.
COMPOSITION: per 50g scoop
Biotin 37.5mg, Calcium Carbonate 7,500mg, DL-Methionine 6,000mg, Zinc Oxide 600mg, Glycine 510mg, Proline 360mg, Hydroxyproline 282mg, Glutamic Acid 228mg, Alanine 174mg, Arginine 162mg, Aspartic Acid 132mg, Lysine 82mg, Leucine 64mg, Valine 50mg, Phenylalanine 44mg, Threonine 38mg, Isoleucine 28mg, Histidine 16mg, Tyrosine 10mg, Serine 8mg, Cystine 2mg, Cysteine 2mg.
HOW DOES HOOFMAKER WORK
|Biotin is a member of the B vitamin family yet historically, biotin was referred to as vitamin H. Biotin is a sulphur containing vitamin. Green pasture is the best source of dietary biotin. Horses’ also get a supply of biotin and other B vitamins as a by-product of bacterial activity in the hindgut. However, modern husbandry of the performance horse, necessitates large periods of time with little or no access to good quality pasture. Horses in training fed a high grain / low forage diet can often suffer a B vitamin deficit due to the fact that rapid starch digestion will reduce the natural pH in the caecum. This net result being the depletion of the B vitamin-producing bacteria in the hindgut. Therefore, all stabled horses in training are potentially at risk of a biotin deficiency. Horses at risk of a biotin deficiency:
The recommended daily allowance (RDA) of biotin for a 500kg horse is 2 mg per day.5 However, research has shown that increased supplementation of biotin in the diet of horses with hoof problems resulted in improved hoof growth and overall hoof integrity.6,2 Every 20g sachet of Hoofmaker contains 37.5mg of biotin. This is a concentrated level which maximises biotin absorption in the small intestine. Biotin supplementation will enhance the repair of hoof defects and, will help prevent their recurrence. There is good scientific evidence that biotin supplementation improves hoof strength, and decreases the incidence of heel horn junction cracks, sidewall horn cracks and lameness. In one study undertaken by Comben et al.,2 40 horses with a history of chronic foot problems were supplemented with 15mg of biotin per day. These horses had varying symptoms ranging from brittle ‘dished’ hooves, to tender crumbling hooves with toe and heel cracks. After five months of treatment, previously sceptical farriers were amazed at the change in the hoof horn of these horses. The feet had developed a better shape and the horn of the hoof walls was thicker and harder. Farriers reported that shoes could be nailed on more satisfactorily and because there was improved hoof growth, there was more opportunity to shape the hooves. These researchers reported that improvements were evident within 3-6 months of biotin supplementation, with continued improvement noted for up to 12 months. However, Comben failed to report that biotin supplementation had little or no effect on some of the horses. It is also reported that biotin supplementation is effective only for horses with hoof defects involving the stratum externum.3
Professor S. Kempson from the University of Edinburgh undertook a study to investigate hoof horn defects with the use of a scanning electron microscope. The team at Edinburgh found that it was possible to locate the exact origin of the hoof defect in the hoof horn. They discovered that some cracks were located in the stratum externum. Cracks in this layer typically showed a loss of horn material in the outer layer. Other cracks involved the stratum medium and the stratum internum due to a breakdown of structural organisation in these layers.3 On further scrutiny, they realised that horses with defects in the stratum externum responded very well to biotin supplementation, whereas cracks that involved the deeper layers benefited most from the addition of protein and calcium to the diet. Most people do not have access to scanning electron microscopy, therefore it is impossible to say where the weakness originates from in the hoof horn. Hoofmaker is a complete hoof supplement which will supply all of the nutrients to care for every layer in the hoof horn. Hoofmaker is the optimum supplement to use in cases of chronic foot problems.
|As already mentioned above, Professor Kempson found that horses with defects in the stratum medium and stratum internum responded better to supplementation with a combination of calcium, protein, bioavailable sulphur and biotin, rather than just biotin alone. High levels of protein in the diet favour the uptake of calcium as opposed to phosphorus. Hoofmaker contains calcium and a high level of amino acids, the building blocks of protein. The team at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland concluded that the addition of calcium to the diet of horses, often alleviated hoof problems that did not respond to just biotin alone. “In conclusion, these observations have revealed two types of structural defect in the horn of horses with brittle feet. The second type of defect may fail to correspond to biotin supplementation but will show an improvement with increased calcium and increased protein in the diet”.3 Anyhorse that is fed too much bran or any high phosphorus, low protein diet will inhibit the uptake of this important mineral. Of further consequence, large intakes of bran are associated with an elevated level of phosphorus, which is often a precursor to a sudden outbreak of laminitis.7 The addition of calcium to the diet has both therapeutic and prophylactic properties for laminitis. Therefore Hoofmaker is an ideal supplement for horses with chronic foot problems and horses that may be at risk of laminitis, or indeed horses that are recovering from the illness. Hoofmaker contains 7,500mg of calcium carbonate, the level recommended by Professor Kempsom at the University of Edinburgh.|
|Bioavailable Sulphur – Methionine & MSM:|
|Nutritionists, farriers and veterinarians are now beginning to concur that bioavailable-available sulphur is an extremely important nutrient in the diet of the horse, especially with regard to hair and hoof growth; and integrity of connective tissue. According to the 1989 National Research Council (NRC) publication ‘Nutrient Requirements of the Horse’, the recommended daily allowance (RDA) for sulphur in the horse is 0.15% of the diet dry matter.5 The horse like other non-ruminants must meet its sulphur requirements from bioavailable-available sulphur, therefore both the source and the quality of bioavailable-available sulphur is very important in the equine diet. New sulphur enriched Hoofmaker contains two excellent sources of bioavailable-available sulphur; the nutrient Methylsulphonylmethane (MSM) and the essential amino acid Methionine. Each 20g sachet of Hoofmaker contains 2,500mg of MSM and 2,500mg of methionine. Both of these nutrients are easily absorbed sources of dietetic sulphur. The importance of sulphur in relation to improved hoof growth relates to the durability of the keratin sulphate molecule. The keratin sulphate molecule relies on the integrity of it’s numerous disulphide bonds made up of the sulphur-bearing amino acids. Methionine is one is these essential amino acids therefore its’ inclusion in Hoofmaker is fundamental for improved integrity of keratin sulphate. MSM is a nutrient rich in organic sulphur. MSM provides 34% bioavailable-available sulphur, ensuring that there is adequate sulphur being provided in the diet for optimum hoof growth.|
|The major function of Zinc in the body is to act as a component of many metalloenzymes involved in protein and carbohydrate metabolism. Zinc compounds are the oldest form of therapy for connective tissue disorders. Zinc is essential for DNA and protein synthesis, and is paramount for the healing of damaged epithelial cells. As keratin is largely a proteinaceous material, zinc is an essential ingredient in Hoofmaker for the proper healing of hoof horn tissue. In healthy animals, zinc deficiency is related to depressed utilisation of amino acids and sulphur. Therefore, Hoofmaker contains a concentrated source (600mg of elemental zinc per 20g sachet) of this essential trace element to promote optimal growth and healing in the hoof horn.|
|Hoofmaker contains a full assay of dispensable and non-dispensable amino acids. These nutrients are the building blocks of protein. Their inclusion in Hoofmaker is very important for complete healing and improved integrity of keratin sulphate – the main protein in the hoof horn.|
Keratin sulphate is the main structural component in the hoof horn. Keratin synthesis is dependant on several mutually inclusive factors:
- Biotin – is a necessary component for the synthesis of keratin.
- Protein – as keratin is a mucopolysaccharide compound.
- Bioavailable-available sulphur – keratin has a high sulphur content.
- Calcium – this trace element is essential for structural cohesion in the hoof horn.
- Amino acids – as these nutrients are the building blocks of protein.
- Moisture content – keratin sulphate has a great affinity for water. Water availability is very important for the laying down of hoof horn and the natural elasticity of the hoof horn.
Hoofmaker is a complete hoof supplement as it contains high levels of biotin, calcium, zinc, methionine, bioavailable-available sulphur and amino acids to help aid any hoof problems. The use of Hoofmaker will result in:
- Improved rate of hoof growth.
- Improved hoof strength and quality.
- Cracks and brittleness disappear over treatment period.
- Hooves develop a better shape.
- Walls become thicker and tougher.
FOOT CARE – A THREE FOLD APPROACH:
|All horses in training should receive a balanced diet, if they are expected to perform at the very highest level. Nourishment of the hoof and the underlying structures should receive primary attention, as they are the foundation of the horse. Lameness is the biggest reason for under performance in the horse. Interestingly, foot lameness is the most common type of lameness seen in the equine athlete.4 Hoofmaker is the ultimate feed supplement for hooves, because it provides essential nutrients to nourish every tissue in the hoof horn.|
|First and foremost, stables should be designed to incorporate a ‘run-off’ for urine and water. Fresh air should be a priority in the stable environment. The choice of bedding is subjective, however it is important that whatever bedding used, it should not be too dry as this will compromise the natural moisture content of the hoof horn. The bedding should be kept as fresh as possible. This will reduce the build up and establishment of endemic bacteria and fungi within the stable environment. Several of these micro-organisms have a natural tropism for hoof tissue e.g. Thrush.|
|A qualified farrier should always conduct trimming and shoeing work. The farrier has a huge influence on the balance of the foot. Preparation of the hoof, the type of shoe used and its placement, will all affect the displacement of force on the forefoot and adjoining limb. Many hoof defects are multi-factorial in their origin. Incorrect shoeing and neglect can be one of the pre-disposing factors to disease and the breakdown of hoof horn function, cracks and brittle hooves. Proper hoof care, hygienic housing conditions and the feeding of Hoofmaker combined, are the best approach for ensuring hoof health and optimum hoof growth.|